Bruising is something none of us are immune or unfamiliar with. When you hit yourself against something hard or fall down, the impact can cause the capillaries on your skin to rupture and quite literally leak the red blood cells towards the surface. This leak than produces “stains” on your skin that can come in black or red color and frequently change their coloring through time as they gradually disappear on their own. The healing process turns these stains from yellow, to green, brown and all other sorts of shades before finally your skin heals completely and you get back your normal skin coloring. Some people are known to bruise more easily than others and there can be a variety of reasons why a person would easily bruise. Here are some of the most common causes of bruising more easily than others.
1. Pale Skin
The changes in skin color are naturally way more visible on a paler skin, which is why people often think that people with pale skin bruise easier. This is not really the case as skin color does not really affect if a person will bruise or not, but rather how much it will show. A very dark skinned person might bruise, but the bruise might remain almost invisible. Whether dark or pale, applying something cold like ice to the bruise will alleviate both the pain and the swelling of the affected area. It is best to apply a cold pack to the bruise as quickly as possible after the injury occurs.
2. Sunburn and Other Sun Damage
As the summer comes and the sun comes out in a big way, we all rush to get tanned and tanning is certainly good for both our complexion and overall health as it will nourish our skin and inject new Vitamin D in it. However, too much exposure to the sun and sun burns can occur, which can make our skin peel and blisters to appear, which is very uncomfortable. When you are sunburnt you can easily bruise as well and such bruising can cause to severe internal bleeding, so make sure you don’t stay in the sun too long so as to avoid such issues.
Older people tend to bruise easier than younger ones as their skin loses quite a bit of the fat under the surface which protects you from bruising at younger age. As these deposits start to wear off, your skin becomes more susceptible to bruising. Another problem is that our body produces less collagen as we age and this causes the skin to become thinner, making it easier to bruise. This means that lesser hits will produce bruising and a hit you may not even feel at 25 will leave a massive bruise at 70. Using a lot of Vitamin C Lotions can lead to improved collagen production, which in turn will make your skin somewhat more resilient.
4. Family History and Genes
Some of us simply bruise more easily than others without any real reason, and this is a fact. The underlying cause is very likely our family or rather our genes, as bruising simply runs in some families. If you are genetically prone to bruising, your best course of action is to simply try not to get hurt, but this can’t always be done to perfection as things do happen. Eating a diet that will enhance the strength of your blood vessels is one thing that can decrease your chances of getting bruises, so try to introduce a lot of vegetables and fruit to your diet and make sure to consume things like onion, garlic, kale and berries for the bioflavonoids they contain.
5. Purpuric Dermatosis
This condition can affect anyone, but elderly people are much more prone to it. The disease manifests in a high number of tiny bruises, which are caused by blood leaking from particular capillaries and towards the surface of your skin. While these are not classic bruises, and they will usually be very small in size, it is still a type of bruising. There are various types of purpuric dermatosis and most of them are much more likely to occur as you grow older.
6. Blood Disorders
If the blood is not naturally clotting as it should, you may experience bruises even without any severe trauma occurring. If you seem to experience a lot of bruises without any noticeable reason, you may be suffering from a serious blood disease such as leukemia and you need to go see a doctor right away. Bruises don’t just appear if you are healthy and if they do for you, it is very urgent that you seek medical assistance. Doctors can help you heal even the temporary hematoma more quickly and it is best that you do this as you don’t want any complications with such conditions.
7. Some Medications
Some medications such as aspirin have been known to lead to improper blood clotting which in turn can again cause bruising. Other medications can also lead to the same effect and they include anti-platelet agent and anticoagulants. Various other compounds in medicines such as prednisolone can also lead to weakened blood vessels, and such vessels can easily leak, leading to lesser or greater bruising.
8. Excessive Exercise Strain
While exercise is absolutely recommended, overdoing it can cause blood vessels to burst which leads to bruising as the leaked blood makes its way to the surface. Any type of exercise can cause such bursts but most often the condition happens when you overdo weight lifting exercises. Smaller occurrences can also happen without you even noticing any pain and you may end up simply waking up with a bruise the next morning.
If you are diabetic you can expect to get some discolorations on your skin similar to a bruise you may experience from a fall. The condition is caused by disruptions in circulation which diabetes can cause as well as the insulin resistance which diabetics develop. The spot where you inject your insulin may also develop hyper-pigmentation which will resemble a bruise. Folded skin is also common with people suffering from diabetes and this can cause small black and brown patches, again similar to regular bruises.